What is a Bone Graft Dental Procedure
Jun 20

What is a Bone Graft Dental Procedure? When Do Dentists Employ it?

Jun 20

Even if you don't know much about dental implants, you've probably heard the term thrown around a few times. In contrast, the term "bone grafting" doesn't come up nearly as often as "dental implants" and you may wonder what is a bone graft dental procedure. In the dentistry profession, bone grafting and dental implants are often used together. 

Why Do People Get Bone Grafts?

If you are a patient who is considering dental implants, it is crucial to bear in mind that a bone graft for dental implant surgery may be required. You're not alone in feeling apprehensive. There is something eerie about bone transplantation, after all.

Fortunately, you don't have anything to be terrified of throughout this process. It is a painless and predictable dental procedure.

When Bone Grafting Becomes Necessary?

When a dental patient does not have enough healthy natural bone in his or her mouth to support dental implants, a bone grafting procedure is necessary. Natural bone insufficiency may be a result of:

  • Defects in the Development
  • The disease of the Gums
  • Trauma to the Face
  • A void left by the extraction of one or more teeth

Bone Grafting: What Exactly is It?

Implants candidates often ponder what is a bone graft dental procedure. Bone grafting is a surgical operation in which bone tissue is transplanted in order to repair or replace broken bones. Dentists can replace lost bone and supporting tissues by grafting healthy bone tissue.

Who Needs Bone Grafting?

Before a dental implant can be placed, a patient who has lost a tooth may need a bone graft. This holds true even if you want a dental implant the very next day after losing your natural tooth. It is possible that the socket is infected or that the missing tooth is too little to support a replacement immediately.

Of course, most individuals don't have an implant placed on the same day they lose their natural tooth. The financial aspect might also play a role. Sometimes, it's just a matter of practicality. Every day that a tooth is absent, bone loss takes place.

How Bone Loss is Caused by Tooth Loss?

The alveolar bone is the most common form of bone to get into problems. Your teeth are supported and held in place by the alveolar bone. Alveolar bone begins to deteriorate if there is no tooth to work with.

How Bone Loss is Caused by Tooth Loss

Every time you chew, the jawbone gets reinforced and built up. When the alveolar bone is lost, the jawbone is also at risk.

There are a few things to keep in mind when considering dental implants: osseointegration is a crucial part of their success. Placing an implant is impossible if there is no available bone.

How Does Bone Grafting Work?

It is important to note that the kind of bone graft to be employed depends on the amount of your injury and the position of the missing tooth.

A socket graft is one of the most frequent sorts of bone grafting. It is the main goal of a socket graft to prevent alveolar bone atrophy before it may develop. Bone from a human donor is often used in lieu of synthetic material. This prevents the socket from collapsing. You may expect to be implant-ready in 4-6 months after a socket graft. With one of these grafts, post-operative discomfort from the implant operation will be reduced.

Another form of bone graft is termed a "lateral" preservation bone graft, which is used to preserve the lateral ridge. These grafts are utilized to widen the jawbone so that a dental implant may be placed in it. In this case, dentists commonly utilize human bone as a donor material.

Another kind of transplant dentists utilize is the block bone graft. Block bone grafting is required when the jawbone has major deformities. Dentists extract a tiny bone block from the rear of the jaw to execute the block bone graft. The block is inserted into the defect and held in place with titanium screws.

Recuperation time is generally 4 to 6 months for both the lateral ridge preservation and the block bone procedure(s).

In the end, the sinus lift procedure is employed. The equine bone is often used since it may widen the transplant. Bone from an equine donor may be combined with bone from a human donor. In cases when the upper jaw is not secure enough to support an implant on its own, this procedure is required.

So, why use an equine bone? Because of the two distinct benefits that equine bone offers. When seen under a microscope, it looks more like human bone since its dissolution rate is slower. Equines bone serves as a "scaffold" to assist the formation of new bones in the sinuses because of its density.

The sinus cavity's anatomy necessitates a recovery time of 8-12 months.

Is It Painful to Have a Bone Graft Done?

There is absolutely no need to worry about this. Patients are normally sedated for the operation, which is an outpatient procedure. You shouldn't have any discomfort while the graft heals, and you'll be all set for your dental implants once the graft is complete. Before most individuals can enjoy their new tooth, they'll need to undergo a bone graft procedure first.

What to Expect after the Bone Grafting Procedure?

Following the surgery, you will be prescribed medications to keep you well and avoid infection. There are several instances when pain medicine is also administered to the patient. With proper antibiotic use, most patients who get bone grafts have no discomfort or complications.

In addition, your dentist needs to wait for the bone graft to join with the existing bones in your mouth. Unfortunately, since everyone’s mouth is unique, there is no clear time period for how soon this occurs.

It's not unusual for the bone graft to merge with your mouth's native bones over a period of three months to a year. Until your dentist determines that you are ready for dental implants, you will have frequent checks.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is a Bone Graft Required Prior to Dental Implants for Everyone?

No! If you're unsure whether or not you need a bone graft, the only way to find out is to see a doctor. Whether or not you need a bone transplant will be determined during your appointment.

What to Expect from Bone Graft Dental Procedure?

A bone graft procedure normally needs just a local anesthetic, however oral or IV sedatives may also be utilized to induce a more relaxed state of mind. To access the bone on which the graft will be employed, an incision in your gum tissue must be made. As a result, you may witness some soreness in the area following the grafting procedure. This may be managed by OTC anti-inflammatory medications or pain relievers, including ice therapy after the procedure. Even though you'll quickly be back to your old self, it might take your body up to 7 months to mature enough bone to accept a dental implant. Waiting for the healing process to complete gives you the best chance of getting long-lasting, beautiful new teeth.


By now you will be having a clear idea about what is a dental bone graft or what is a bone graft for dental implant. Do remember that jawbone loss may have a crucial impact on your dental health, resulting in issues such as tooth loss and mobility. For restorative dental operations, dental bone grafts may increase your chances of success. Mouth surgery may be an option if you believe you have jawbone degradation and want to regain your oral health and function as well as your general well-being.